Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, a member of the European Union, with the capital in Berlin. The state consists of 16 states.

Germany’s renewables market

Germany invested USD179 billion in green energy in 2009-2019.

Germany produced 46% of its electricity from renewable energy sources in April-June 2019, as compared with 41% in the same period of 2018. 

Germany’s renewables market outlook

Germany’s power generation from renewable sources will exceed 82% in the next decade. By 2050, renewables will ensure 92% of electricty production. Decarbonizing beyond this point is difficult as a certain amount of gas-fired facility are necessary to stabilize the system during peak and out-of-operation periods.

Germany’s renewable energy policy

The German government has been pushing renewables and other technologies to help cut Germany’s carbon emissions by 55% of their 1990 level by 2030 and by 80% to 95% by 2050. But it is already set to miss a target of a 40% cut in emissions by 2020.

Germany’s national target is 65% of renewable electricity generation by 2030.

Solar energy in Germany

Germany is the leader of the world’s solar energy market. Its aggregate solar (PV) energy capacities totaled 37.5 GW in late 2015 (5.3% of the country’s energy production) which was the largest amount in the world.

Wind energy in Germany

In terms of wind power in early 2016 Germany ranked third on the globe after China and USA with its 3.7 GW of installed wind farms. At the same time Germany together with the UK are the biggest offshore wind energy producers.

Onshore wind in Germany

In October 2019, Germany’s Economy Ministry presented a schedule for 2019-2020 to help revive onshore wind turbine construction that had declined due to bureaucracy and citizens’ opposition. Onshore turbine constructions fell 82% to 287 MW in January-June 2019 in the state, the lowest level in nearly two decades.

Advanced fuel in Germany

Hydrogen fuel in Germany

Germany has pilot projects to test ways to produce hydrogen from water using electrolysis but these are not yet commercially viable.

Pipeline operators have said the German network could be slowly adjusted so that it carries 10% hydrogen and 90% natural gas by 2030, rising to 20% to 30% hydrogen in the longer term, helping reduce emissions from gas combustion.

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